Abstract: Introducing and promoting the concept of open education effectively within the campus territory requires a special approach. In order to identify the key critical aspects that are required to make the effort successful, a systemic yet holistic perspective on understanding the environment, as a totality of a good number of integrated parts, should be applied. This ecosystem should be well understood by any open education evangelists and practitioners in order to be used as a tool in the process of choosing the right strategy on developing and deploying the initiative. To produce the ecosystem framework, APTIKOM<OCW Indonesia – the Association of Information Technology Universities and Colleges in Indonesia – has conducted a special study and survey involving 350 Higher Learning Institutions. In conducting this research, a total of seven domains are being analysed: (i) campus infrastructure; (ii) campus superstructure; (iii) stakeholders' literacy and characters; (iv) open education initiatives portfolio; (v) alignment with the education system; (vi) value and impacts; and (vii) external community supports. By understanding these seven domains, together with all aspects within every domain, a systemic and holistic open education ecosystem framework can be generated. The ecosystem framework is developed based on the following propositions in that it should:
take into consideration the whole spectrum range of open education principles that are needed to be addressed within campus society; help the campus management in promoting and implementing the open education initiatives seamlessly and effectively; be able to be used as guidance for developing and deploying campus policies, procedures, and the mechanism for putting ideas into reality; and align with all internal and external regulations set by management and government as an integrated part of the national education system. One thing that should be underlined here is that such an ecosystem framework would go beyond the boundary of the campus since open education initiatives can only become a reality in a massive mode 2 when there is a need of collaboration, cooperation, and coordination among higher learning institutions. It means that several domains would also be involved in the study, such as: (i) government regulations; (ii) economic profiles; (iii) social welfare and culture values; (iv) sustainability and scalability issues; (v) education system and nation building; (vi) globalisation force; (vii) technology enhancement and learning paradigm; and (viii) competencies and human capital assets.